Welcome to the intriguing worlds of blockchain and Web3, these two spaces are rapidly shaping the future of technology and how we interact with the digital realm. With this in mind, WormWood has created a guide tailored for beginners that aims to demystify these concepts. The goal here is not a full education but brief, technical explanations of these concepts and how they apply to the internet as a whole.

What is Blockchain?

Imagine blockchain as a digital ledger, not unlike a spreadsheet, that’s duplicated across a network of computers. This ledger records transactions in blocks, with each block containing a number of transactions. Once a block is completed, it’s added to the chain, creating a sequence of information that’s permanent and unalterable.

Key Features:

  • Decentralization: Unlike traditional ledgers or databases controlled by central authorities (like banks), blockchain is decentralized. This means it’s distributed across multiple computers, known as nodes, making it highly resistant to censorship or control by any single entity.
  • Transparency: Every participant in the network can view the transactions stored in the blocks.
  • Immutability: Once a transaction is recorded in a block and added to the chain, it cannot be altered. This ensures the integrity of the entire transaction history.


How Blockchain Works – A Simple Explanation:

  1. Transaction: When someone wants to make a transaction (like sending cryptocurrency), they initiate a request.
  2. Block Creation: This transaction is bundled with other pending transactions to create a new block.
  3. Verification: Nodes in the network then verify the transaction by solving complex mathematical problems, a process known as mining in some blockchains like Bitcoin.
  4. Addition to the Chain: Once verified, the block is added to the existing blockchain, visible to all participants and cannot be changed.
  5. Completion: The transaction is complete and recorded permanently.

Imagine a series of locked boxes chained together. Each box is a “block” that is is open and you can see its contents. The contents of each block would contain groups of data such as transactions. Once a box is filled up, it’s locked forever, and a new box appears on the chain for filling.

Blockchain and Web3 Example

Real World Examples of Blockchain Use

Blockchain technology is revolutionizing various industries by offering enhanced security, transparency, and efficiency. Here are a few compelling real-world examples:

Finance and Banking

In the domain of finance, blockchain is a game changer, automating and securing financial transactions with unprecedented efficiency. It facilitates faster cross-border payments, reduces the need for intermediaries, and lowers transaction costs. Major banks and financial institutions are adopting blockchain to streamline operations and offer secure, fast, and transparent services to their customers.

Supply Chain Management

Blockchain provides a transparent and immutable ledger, making it an ideal solution for supply chain management. It allows for the tracking of goods from production to delivery, ensuring authenticity and reducing the risk of counterfeits. Companies can verify the origin of goods, ensure compliance with regulations, and improve the overall efficiency of supply chains.


In healthcare, blockchain is being utilized to secure and streamline the exchange of medical records, maintaining the privacy and integrity of patient data. It enables healthcare providers to access a patient’s medical history with their consent, potentially saving lives by providing crucial information in emergencies. Additionally, it can track the pharmaceutical supply chain, helping to prevent counterfeit drugs.

Voting Systems

Blockchain also presents a promising solution for creating secure and transparent voting systems. It can ensure the integrity of the electoral process, reduce the potential for fraud, and provide a verifiable audit trail. This technology is being explored to make voting more accessible and reliable, potentially increasing voter participation.

Smart Contracts

One of the most innovative uses of blockchain is the execution of smart contracts. These are self-executing contracts with the terms of the agreement directly written into lines of code. They automatically enforce and execute the terms of a contract when certain conditions are met, without the need for intermediaries. Smart contracts are being used in various fields, including real estate, legal processes, and decentralized finance (DeFi).

By integrating blockchain into these areas, businesses and governments can operate more transparently, securely, and efficiently, setting the stage for a more interconnected and trustworthy digital future.

Blockchain and Web3 are the Future of Finance

What is Web3?

Web3 represents the next evolution of the internet, utilizing blockchain technology to create a decentralized web. It aims to give users control over their data, identities, and transactions, in contrast to the current internet (Web 2.0), where large corporations hold significant control and ownership over data.

Characteristics of Web3:

  • Decentralized Applications (DApps): Applications that run on a peer-to-peer blockchain network rather than on a single computer.
  • Ownership: Through blockchain, users own their data and can transfer or sell their digital assets as they see fit.
  • Interoperability: Seamless interaction among different blockchain networks and services.

Explaining Web3 with a Simple Analogy:

Imagine if the internet was a giant game of Monopoly. In Web2, the game is controlled by the company that made the board, deciding who gets what property and how much everyone pays. In Web3, each player can build their own games, set their own rules, and trade properties directly with others without going through the central authority.

How Blockchain and Web3 Are Connected

Web3 leverages blockchain technology to revolutionize how applications and platforms operate on the internet. By building on the foundational principles of blockchain — decentralization, transparency, and immutability — Web3 applications ensure that operations are not controlled by a centralized entity but are distributed across multiple nodes (participants) in the network. This ensures that data is not stored in a single location, enhancing security and reducing the risk of data breaches. Additionally, transactions on Web3 are transparent and immutable, meaning once something is recorded on the blockchain, it cannot be altered or deleted, ensuring the integrity of the data. This framework facilitates the creation of decentralized applications (DApps) that operate on smart contracts, automating decisions and transactions without human intervention. The use of blockchain in Web3 not only democratizes control and ownership of data and digital assets but also enables a new level of interoperability, where different services and platforms can interact seamlessly, further empowering users and innovating the digital landscape.


Blockchain and Web3 are laying the foundation for a more secure, transparent, and decentralized future for the internet and digital transactions. While the concepts might seem complex at first glance, understanding the basics opens up a world of possibilities for innovation and empowerment in the digital age.

For beginners, delving into blockchain and Web3 is like the beginning of a fascinating voyage across uncharted digital landscapes, where the potential discoveries are as boundless as they are exhilarating.

Where will we end up?